I constructed a philosophy of mind called dualistic existentialism in my treatise In Defense of the Mind, which can be found here: http://www.amazon.com/Defense-Mind-Philosophical-Treatise/dp/1522829687/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1462240291&sr=1-1&keywords=Stephan+heard
One of the cornerstones of my philosophy of mind is the notion of infinite potentiality. The argument follows a specific structure that seeks to show the importance of the mind. The following propositions and the following conclusion help illustrate the point:
1) We are not in control of the physical world: Matter is solid and while it can be manipulated, it carries the materialistic weight of controlling our movement through space and limits how we can perceive the world. The table is solid, for instance. In other words, the physical world is set.
2) We are culturally determined: Society determines who we become and who we can be. This is strict cultural determinism that states we have no control over society and that our lives are determined by the society we live in.
Conclusion: If the physical and social world is set, this leaves the mind. This puts all the pressure on the mind to think for itself and to be. But this is precisely where the freedom is: We have the ability to perceive and to think and entertain ideas. Even if we cannot control external factors, we can work to control the internal, for by this model, this is all we have left, and to let go of this would be to subject ourselves to a complete lack of freedom. And thus begins a defense of the mind.
This is the standard argument.
I made a video that goes more in depth: